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16-04-2018 | Ankylosing spondylitis | Article

Functional Defects of Treg Cells: New Targets in Rheumatic Diseases, Including Ankylosing Spondylitis

Journal:
Current Rheumatology Reports

Authors: Jinlin Miao, Ping Zhu

Publisher: Springer US

Abstract

Purpose of review

This study aims to review the advances of Treg cell biology, the functional defects of Treg cells, and the potential strategies for the experimental, preclinical or clinical application of Treg cell therapy in the context of autoimmune/immune-mediated rheumatic diseases.

Recent findings

CD4+CD25+ regulatory T (Treg) cells are a phenotypically and functionally heterogeneous subset of lymphocytes that prevent a variety of autoimmune diseases. As in many autoimmune diseases, the functional defects of Treg cells are supposed to play relevant roles in the pathogenesis and development of systemic lupus erythematosus, rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, and other autoimmune/immune-mediated rheumatic diseases. Consequently, manipulation and modulation of Treg cells represent a potent strategy for therapeutic benefit in many such diseases.

Summary

A further understanding of the functional defects of Treg cells in rheumatic diseases will contribute to find new targets and therapies in rheumatic diseases, including ankylosing spondylitis.

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