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27-07-2017 | Cardiovascular disease | Practical approach | Article

Practical Management of Cardiovascular Comorbidities in Rheumatoid Arthritis

Journal:
Rheumatology and Therapy

Authors: Roberta Gualtierotti, Nicola Ughi, Giovanni Marfia, Francesca Ingegnoli

Publisher: Springer Healthcare

Abstract

Cardiovascular (CV) comorbidities are a frequent extra-articular manifestation of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Cardiovascular disease (CVD) with accelerated atherosclerosis is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with RA. Subclinical CVD may be present since the early phase of RA. Not only traditional but also non-traditional CV risk factors are involved in the pathogenesis of RA-related CVD. Due to the lack of specifically designed randomized clinical trials, it is still unclear which tools to use to perform CV risk assessment, how to interpret the results and which interventions are appropriate in RA patients both to prevent and to manage CVD. Based on the available evidence, we propose a practical approach.

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