Skip to main content
main-content

27-01-2018 | Gout | Article

Gouty arthritis: decision-making following dual-energy CT scan in clinical practice, a retrospective analysis

Journal:
Clinical Rheumatology

Authors: M. Gamala, S. P. Linn-Rasker, M. Nix, B. G. F. Heggelman, J. M. van Laar, P. C. M. Pasker-de Jong, J. W. G. Jacobs, R. Klaasen

Publisher: Springer London

Abstract

To establish whether dual-energy CT (DECT) is a diagnostic tool, i.e., associated with initiation or discontinuation of a urate lowering drug (ULD). Secondly, to determine whether DECT results (gout deposition y/n) can be predicted by clinical and laboratory variables. Digital medical records of 147 consecutive patients with clinical suspicion of gout were analyzed retrospectively. Clinical data including medication before and after DECT, lab results, and results from diagnostic joint aspiration and DECT were collected. The relationship between DECT results and clinical and laboratory results was evaluated by univariate regression analyses; predictors showing a p < 0.10 were entered in a multivariate logistic regression model with the DECT result as outcome variable. A backward stepwise technique was applied. After the DECT, 104 of these patients had a clinical diagnosis of gout based on the clinical judgment of the rheumatologist, and in 84 of these patients, the diagnosis was confirmed by demonstration of monosodium urate (MSU) crystals in synovial fluid (SF) or by positive DECT. After DECT, the current ULD was modified in 33 (22.4%) of patients; in 29 of them, ULD was started and in 1 it was intensified. Following DECT, the current ULD was stopped in three patients. In the multivariable regression model, cardiovascular disease (OR 3.07, 95% CI 1.26–7.47), disease duration (OR 1.008, 95% CI 1.001–1.016), frequency of attack (OR 1.23, 95% CI 1.07–1.42), and creatinine clearance (OR 2.03, 95% CI 0.91–1.00) were independently associated with positive DECT results. We found that the DECT result increases the confidence of the prescribers in their decision to initiation or discontinuation of urate lowering therapy regimen in of mono- or oligoarthritis. It may be a useful imaging tool for patients who cannot undergo joint aspiration because of contraindications or with difficult to aspirate joints, or those who refuse joint aspiration. We also suggest the use of DECT in cases where a definitive diagnosis cannot be made from signs, symptoms, and MSU analysis alone.

Please log in to get access to this content

Related topics