Goals of gout treatment: a patient perspective
- Clinical Rheumatology
Author: Jasvinder A. Singh
Publisher: Springer London
To assess the goals of gout treatment from a patient perspective, a convenience sample of consecutive patients with doctor-diagnosed gout seen at a community-based outpatient clinic were invited. Sex-stratified nominal groups were conducted until saturation was achieved. Responses were collected verbatim, discussed, and rank-ordered by each participant. Thirty-six patients with doctor-diagnosed gout participated in 12 nominal groups: 6 male only, 5 female only, and 1 group with both. Mean age was 61.9 years (SD, 12.3); mean gout duration was 13.3 years (SD, 12.5); 53% were men, 64% African-American, 42% retired, 47% currently married, 87% were using either allopurinol and/or febuxostat, and 40% had had no gout flares in the last 6 months. The top 5 treatment goals accounted for 91% of all votes and included the following: (1) prevent and better manage flare-ups and improve function (25%), (2) eliminate flare-ups/disease remission (30%), (3) diet and activity modification/lifestyle change (13%), (4) patient education and public awareness (12%), and (5) medication management and minimization of side effects (11%). When examining the top-rated concern for each nominal group, the first two goals were nominated by four groups each, diet/activity modification and medication management by 1 group each, and patient education by 3 groups. There were no differences evident by sex in top-ranked treatment goal. People with gout identified and rank-ordered treatment goals relevant to them. Providers of gout care need to be cognizant of these goals. Disease management concordant with these treatment goals might lead to a more satisfied, informed patient.