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04-08-2017 | Juvenile idiopathic arthritis | Review | Article

Ultrasound imaging of synovial inflammation in juvenile idiopathic arthritis

Journal:
Pediatric Radiology

Authors: Nancy A. Chauvin, Andrea S. Doria

Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg

Abstract

Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is the most common rheumatic entity of childhood. The hallmark feature of all subtypes is joint inflammation. Imaging is used to evaluate the extent and severity of inflammation, degree of joint damage and response to treatment, which in turn impacts patient management. Ultrasound has become a useful adjunct to clinical examination because it shows promise in evaluating clinical and subclinical inflammation (synovitis, enthesitis) as well as cartilage and bone erosive changes. However more collaborative research is needed to help define the normal appearance of the growing skeleton, clarify the significance of subclinical findings and develop useful definitions, imaging protocols and scoring systems of disease.

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