Transient osteoporosis of the hip: review of the literature
- Osteoporosis International
Authors: K. Asadipooya, L. Graves, L. W. Greene
Publisher: Springer London
Transient osteoporosis of the hip (TOH) is a temporary clinical condition of unknown etiology which usually resolves with conservative therapy though may be complicated by fracture or progression to avascular necrosis (AVN). TOH may be slightly more prevalent in men but when it occurs in women, it is most often seen in the latter part of pregnancy. Though fracture is a rare complication of TOH when it occurs, it is most often associated with TOH occurring in pregnancy. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the best method to diagnosis TOH. Low signal intensity on T1-weighted images, high signal intensity on T2-weighted images, and homogenous pattern of edema (the femoral head and/or neck) with normal subchondral area are in favor of TOH. A shortened course to recovery is reported by use of bisphosphonates, calcitonin, or teriparatide. Based on reported cases, core decompression is not superior to medical therapy. Transient osteoporosis of the hip, which often has no known etiology, usually resolves with conservative therapy but may predispose the patient to fracture or avascular necrosis. Diagnostic method of choice is magnetic resonance imaging. Bisphosphonates, calcitonin, or teriparatide are reported as a useful approach to reduce duration of recovery.