Skip to main content
main-content
Top

06-07-2018 | Psoriatic arthritis | Article

Skin Involvement in Psoriatic Arthritis Worsens Overall Disease Activity, Patient-Reported Outcomes, and Increases Healthcare Resource Utilization: An Observational, Cross-Sectional Study

Journal:
Rheumatology and Therapy

Authors: Kurt de Vlam, Joseph F. Merola, Julie A. Birt, David M. Sandoval, Steve Lobosco, Rachel Moon, Gary Milligan, Wolf-Henning Boehncke

Publisher: Springer Healthcare

Abstract

Introduction

Psoriatic arthritis (PsA) is an inflammatory arthropathy that exhibits heterogeneity in clinical presentation and severity of skin and joint symptoms. This heterogeneity results in an incomplete understanding of the relationship between the skin and joint components of PsA, and their relative impact on PsA disease activity and patient-reported outcomes. The objective of the study was to Investigate the clinical presentation of joint and active skin symptom involvement and the associated impact on physician- and patient-reported outcomes [patient global assessment (PtGA), health-related quality of life (HRQoL), and physical function), and healthcare resource burden in patients with PsA.

Methods

This was a retrospective analysis of the Adelphi 2015 PsA Disease Specific Programme, a real-world, cross-sectional survey of rheumatologists and their consulting PsA patients from the USA and Europe (France, Germany, Italy, Spain, and UK). The sample included data collected during the fourth quarter of 2015, on 1201 patients from 410 rheumatologists. Physician-reported joint and active skin symptom involvement were investigated for associations with clinical outcomes, patient/physician-reported outcomes, and healthcare resource utilization (HCRU).

Results

The majority of patients with PsA with documented skin involvement had both joint and active skin involvement (80.9%, njoint+skin = 515, njoint only = 122, noverall = 637). Patients with skin involvement possessed a more severe global clinical profile, and the PsA clinical symptom severity profile positively correlated with skin severity. Physician global assessment scores were not significantly different in patients with joint-only involvement vs. joint with active skin involvement. Patients with skin involvement in PsA possessed significantly worse PtGA scores and increased HCRU.

Conclusion

Patients with PsA involving both joint and active skin symptoms exhibit a more severe overall disease state, worse patient-reported outcomes, and increased HCRU relative to patients with joint-only involvement in PsA. These results indicate that treating skin involvement should be considered along with treating joint involvement in patients with PsA.

Funding

Eli Lilly and Company.

Please log in to get access to this content

Related topics

Image Credits