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07-09-2017 | Rheumatoid arthritis | Article

Incidence of comprehensive hospitalization due to infection, cardiovascular disease, fractures, and malignancies in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

Rheumatology International

Authors: Naoki Sugimoto, Ayako Nakajima, Eisuke Inoue, Kumi Shidara, Hiroyuki Yamashita, Akio Mimori, Hitoshi Tokuda, Yohei Seto, Eiichi Tanaka, Shigeki Momohara, Atsuo Taniguchi, Hisashi Yamanaka

Publisher: Springer Berlin Heidelberg


To comprehensively analyze the overall incidence of hospitalization for comorbidities in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). We prospectively analyzed overall hospitalizations for comorbidities using the Institute of Rheumatology, Rheumatoid Arthritis (IORRA) cohort. The incidence of hospitalized comorbidity was calculated. Risk factors for the most frequent hospitalized comorbidities were determined by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Among 5519 RA patients contributing 5336.5 person-years of observation, 435 incidences of hospitalized comorbidity [8.15/100 person-years; 95% confidence interval (CI) 7.40–8.95] were confirmed. The most frequent cause of hospitalized comorbidity was infection (1.52/100 person-years), primarily respiratory system infection (0.77/100 person-years), followed by malignancy (1.03/100 person-years), extra-articular manifestations (0.78/100 person-years), bone fracture (0.77/100 person-years), and acute coronary syndrome (0.22/100 person-years). Death occurred in 0.34/100 person-years (95% CI 0.20–0.53), and in 94.4% of cases the cause of death was the same as that of admission. The risk factors for the most frequent cause of hospitalization, hospitalized infection, were age [odds ratio (OR) 1.03; 95% CI 1.00–1.05], serum albumin level (OR 0.30; 95% CI 0.13–0.69), and corticosteroid use (prednisone > 5 mg/day; OR 3.66; 95% CI 1.81–7.35), but not methotrexate or biological agent use. The present study determined the overall burden of hospitalized comorbidities in patients with RA. These comprehensive data on hospitalized comorbidities may provide a basis for future improvements in the treatment of RA.

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