14. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medical Approaches for Arthritis
Author: PhD, RN Diana Taibi Buchanan
Publisher: Springer International Publishing
Complementary and alternative medical (CAM) modalities are defined as healthcare approaches that are generally outside of mainstream, conventional care. Studies show that over 50 % of persons with arthritis use CAM. As patients become more informed about their care and treatment options available, providers must be prepared to assess CAM use and respond to patient preferences in this area. This chapter will provide an overview of CAM approaches that are used with the intent of modifying arthritis progression, improving function, and treating symptoms. The chapter presents research evidence on selected natural products (glucosamine, chondroitin, and topical analgesics) and mind-body practices (acupuncture, massage, tai chi, and yoga) as pertaining to osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. The chapter concludes with recommendations for addressing CAM with patients in clinical practice.