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02-03-2018 | Rheumatoid arthritis | Article

Safety, Effectiveness, and Treatment Persistence of Golimumab in Elderly Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis in Real-World Clinical Practice in Japan

Journal:
Rheumatology and Therapy

Authors: Masateru Okazaki, Hisanori Kobayashi, Hirohito Shimizu, Yutaka Ishii, Tsutomu Yajima, Masayoshi Kanbori

Publisher: Springer Healthcare

Abstract

Golimumab has been proven as an effective treatment for rheumatoid arthritis in clinical trials. However, there is a scarcity of data regarding its use in elderly patients in a real-world setting. This study aims to evaluate the safety, effectiveness, and treatment persistence of golimumab in elderly Japanese patients (≥ 75 years) with rheumatoid arthritis.
This study was a post hoc analysis of post-marketing surveillance data on 5137 Japanese patients with active rheumatoid arthritis who received golimumab for 24 weeks. The study population was divided into two age groups (younger: < 75 years and elderly: ≥ 75 years), and the safety, effectiveness, and treatment persistence of golimumab were assessed. Also, the reasons for discontinuing golimumab treatment were analyzed by multi-logistic regression.
During golimumab treatment over 24 weeks, younger and elderly groups exhibited comparable improvement of disease activity as measured by EULAR response criteria with similar overall rates of adverse events. However, the survival curve of golimumab for elderly patients was significantly different from that for younger patients due largely to the discontinuation at 4 weeks. The most common reason for discontinuation in elderly patients was patient choice, while it was disease progression in younger patients. Analysis of elderly patients who discontinued treatment by their own decision identified EULAR good response as a factor associated with continuation of golimumab treatment whereas no predictive factor associated with discontinuation was identified.
The safety and effectiveness of golimumab treatment in elderly Japanese patients aged 75 years or older were comparable to those in younger patients in real-world clinical practice. Analysis of the survival curves suggested that continuous use of golimumab might further improve clinical benefit of golimumab in elderly patients, underpinning the importance of effective communication between physicians and elderly patients based on the treat-to-target strategy.
Janssen Pharmaceutical K.K. and Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Corporation.

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