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05-05-2017 | Systemic lupus erythematosus | Review | Article

Oral Ulcers in Juvenile-Onset Systemic Lupus Erythematosus: A Review of the Literature

American Journal of Clinical Dermatology

Authors: Pongsawat Rodsaward, Titipong Prueksrisakul, Tawatchai Deekajorndech, Steven W. Edwards, Michael W. Beresford, Direkrit Chiewchengchol

Publisher: Springer International Publishing


Oral ulcers are the most common mucosal sign in juvenile-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE). The ulcers are one of the key clinical features; however, the terminology of oral ulcers, especially in JSLE patients, is often vague and ill-defined. In fact, there are several clinical manifestations of oral ulcers in JSLE, and some lesions occur when the disease is active, indicating that early management of the disease should be started. Oral ulcers are classified as lupus erythematosus (LE) specific, where the lesional biopsy shows a unique pattern of mucosal change in LE, and LE nonspecific, where the ulcers and their histopathological findings can be found in other oral diseases. Here, the clinical manifestations, diagnosis and management of oral ulcers in JSLE patients are reviewed.

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