Skip to main content

19-11-2017 | Systemic lupus erythematosus | Article

A randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial of vitamin D supplementation in juvenile-onset systemic lupus erythematosus: positive effect on trabecular microarchitecture using HR-pQCT

Osteoporosis International

Authors: G. L. Lima, J. A. Paupitz, N. E. Aikawa, J. C. Alvarenga, R. M. Rodrigues Pereira

Publisher: Springer London


In this randomized double-blind placebo-controlled 24-week trial, cholecalciferol supplementation at 50,000 IU/week effectively improved bone microarchitecture parameters in juvenile-onset systemic lupus erythematosus (JoSLE) patients, as assessed by high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT) at tibia site. An increase in the trabecular number and a decrease in the trabecular separation were observed, suggesting that vitamin D supplementation may be recommended for JoSLE patients with its deficiency.
Vitamin D has an important effect on bone but there are no trials that directly address the boosting of serum levels of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) in bone microarchitecture in JoSLE patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of vitamin D supplementation on bone microarchitecture parameters using HR-pQCT in JoSLE patients.
This study was a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled 24-week trial. Forty female JoSLE patients were randomized (1:1) to receive oral cholecalciferol at 50,000 IU/week (JoSLE-VitD) or placebo (JoSLE-PL). The medications remained stable throughout the study. Serum levels of 25OHD were measured using a radioimmunoassay. The bone microarchitecture and volumetric bone density were analyzed using HR-pQCT at tibia site.
At baseline, the groups were similar with respect to their age, body mass index, organ involvement, glucocorticoid dose, immunosuppressant use, serum 25OHD levels, and HR-pQCT parameters. After 24 weeks, higher 25OHD levels were observed in the JoSLE-VitD group compared to the JoSLE-PL group [31.3 (8.6) vs. 16.5 (5.8) ng/mL, p < 0.001]. An increase in the trabecular number [∆Tb.N 0.16 (0.24) vs. 0.03 (0.19) 1/mm, p = 0.024] and a decrease in the trabecular separation [∆ThSp −0.045 (0.067) vs. 0.001 (0.009) mm, p = 0.017] were found in the JoSLE-VitD group compared to the JoSLE-PL group at tibia site. No differences were observed in other structural parameters [trabecular (Tb.Th) or cortical thickness (Ct.Th)], volumetric bone mineral densities, cortical porosity, and biomechanical parameters (p > 0.05).
This study suggests that cholecalciferol supplementation for 24 weeks effectively improved the bone microarchitecture parameters, mainly the trabecular number, in JoSLE patients.

Please log in to get access to this content

Related topics